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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2001-2004 Jakub Jermar
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *   documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * - The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
 *   derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */


/** @addtogroup sync
 * @{
 */


/**
 * @file
 * @brief   Spinlocks.
 */

 
#include <synch/spinlock.h>
#include <atomic.h>
#include <arch/barrier.h>
#include <arch.h>
#include <preemption.h>
#include <print.h>
#include <debug.h>
#include <symtab.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_FB
#include <genarch/fb/fb.h>
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP

/** Initialize spinlock
 *
 * Initialize spinlock.
 *
 * @param sl Pointer to spinlock_t structure.
 */

void spinlock_initialize(spinlock_t *sl, char *name)
{
    atomic_set(&sl->val, 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
    sl->name = name;
#endif 
}

/** Lock spinlock
 *
 * Lock spinlock.
 * This version has limitted ability to report
 * possible occurence of deadlock.
 *
 * @param sl Pointer to spinlock_t structure.
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
#define DEADLOCK_THRESHOLD  100000000
void spinlock_lock_debug(spinlock_t *sl)
{
    count_t i = 0;
    char *symbol;
    bool deadlock_reported = false;

    preemption_disable();
    while (test_and_set(&sl->val)) {

        /*
         * We need to be careful about printflock and fb_lock.
         * Both of them are used to report deadlocks via
         * printf() and fb_putchar().
         *
         * We trust our code that there is no possible deadlock
         * caused by these two locks (except when an exception
         * is triggered for instance by printf() or fb_putchar()).
         * However, we encountered false positives caused by very
         * slow VESA framebuffer interaction (especially when
         * run in a simulator) that caused problems with both
         * printflock and fb_lock.
         *
         * Possible deadlocks on both printflock and fb_lock
         * are therefore not reported as they would cause an
         * infinite recursion.
         */

        if (sl == &printflock)
            continue;
#ifdef CONFIG_FB
        if (sl == &fb_lock)
            continue;
#endif
        if (i++ > DEADLOCK_THRESHOLD) {
            printf("cpu%d: looping on spinlock %.*p:%s, caller=%.*p",
                   CPU->id, sizeof(__address) * 2, sl, sl->name, sizeof(__address) * 2, CALLER);
            symbol = get_symtab_entry(CALLER);
            if (symbol)
                printf("(%s)", symbol);
            printf("\n");
            i = 0;
            deadlock_reported = true;
        }
    }

    if (deadlock_reported)
        printf("cpu%d: not deadlocked\n", CPU->id);

    /*
     * Prevent critical section code from bleeding out this way up.
     */

    CS_ENTER_BARRIER();
}
#endif

/** Lock spinlock conditionally
 *
 * Lock spinlock conditionally.
 * If the spinlock is not available at the moment,
 * signal failure.
 *
 * @param sl Pointer to spinlock_t structure.
 *
 * @return Zero on failure, non-zero otherwise.
 */

int spinlock_trylock(spinlock_t *sl)
{
    int rc;
   
    preemption_disable();
    rc = !test_and_set(&sl->val);

    /*
     * Prevent critical section code from bleeding out this way up.
     */

    CS_ENTER_BARRIER();

    if (!rc)
        preemption_enable();
   
    return rc;
}

#endif

/** @}
 */